Tampa Chapter – March 2019
Revolution History note
Chapter Facebook Page
Color Guard Activities & Opportunities
Honor Flight Needs Your Help
Other Dates of Interest
March Meeting Announcement
The next meeting of the Tampa Chapter, Sons of the American Revolution, will be held on Saturday, March 16th at the Golden Corral in Temple Terrace. Please remember to pay on your way in and keep your receipt for the waitress. Social time and lunch will precede the meeting. The formal meeting will start around 12:00 Noon. The street address for the Golden Corral is:
11801 N 56th St.
Tampa, FL 33617
The March program will consist of at least two of our Tampa Compatriots telling us about the life and accomplishments of their patriot ancestor, plus a presentation by Past Tampa Chapter President Charles Krug.
Our February meeting was a two part meeting with the recognition of Hillsborough County Fire Rescue Captain William Cobb with an SAR Fire Safety Commendation Medal and Certificate and a presentation on the American Victory Division of US Navy Sea Cadets by Executive Officer Zach Lane and Training Officer Jonathon Mitchell. We also welcomed newly approved Compatriot Eric Hannel to the Tampa Chapter. Eric's membership application was submitted and approved through the Georgia SAR with his father's application.
American Revolution Notes
Over the next few months we’ll explore some of the “rest of the story” – what happened after the War for Independence and what happened to some of lesser known characters after the war.
What ever happened to William Howe, Henry Clinton, John Burgoyne, and Charles Cornwallis?
Gen William Howe Gen Henry Clinton Gen John Burgoyne Gen Charles Cornwallis
We are familiar enough with what happened to the top American General in the War for American Independence, but what about the top British commanders? What did they do after the war?
The British government gave the job of Commander in Chief in N. America to William Howe in Sept. 1775. He resigned and returned to England after the summer campaign in 1777. He returned to his seat in Parliament and held it until being defeated for re-election in 1780. In 1782 the British government made him Lt. General of Ordinance. He held that post as well as other home commands during the first part of the Wars with France that resulted from the French Revolution. He resigned the Ordinance post in 1803 citing health issues. He died in 1814.
Following Howe, the British Government sent Henry Clinton to oversee the war in North America. His tenure in North America ended following the surrender by Cornwallis at Yorktown. On his return to England he found that Cornwallis was viewed with some sympathy and that the government and populace blamed him for the disastrous British southern campaign of 1780-1781. In response, Clinton wrote The Campaign of 1781 in North America. In it, he placed the blame on Cornwallis which prompted an angry response from Cornwallis. Clinton served in Parliament until 1784 and then again when he was re-elected in 1790. In 1793 the government promoted him to full general and the next year, in July 1794 appointed him governor of Gibraltar. He died shortly after, never getting to his new command.
John Burgoyne, the British general who surrendered at Saratoga received some criticism, as you might expect, when he returned to England. He switched political allegiance from the Tories to the Rockingham Whigs. When Rockingham became Prime Minister in 1782, he restored Burgoyne to rank and made him Commander in Chief of Ireland. Following the fall of the Rockingham government, Burgoyne returned to private life and focused the remaining years of his life on writing plays. Several of which were (and still are) highly thought of. Had it not been for the American War, today he would be remembered as a dramatist, not a soldier. Some historians opine that the reputation of Burgoyne as a spend thrift general who surrounded himself in luxury during campaigns, while based on some fact, is more a reflection of people using his later career as a dramatist to impugn his military reputation. He died in 1792.
Charles Cornwallis had the most success in later years of the British commanders in America during the War for Independence. As already mentioned, the government placed more blame on Clinton than Cornwallis for the debacle at Yorktown. Upon return to England he served in a diplomatic post in Prussia before being appointed Governor General and Commander in Chief in India. While in India he instituted many needed reforms in the government bureaucracy and the East India Company. He is credited with laying the foundation for the successful British rule in India over the next several decades.
With one exception, he managed to avoid border wars through negotiation. The one exception was the Third Anglo-Mysore War 1789-1792. He gave field command to Gen. Wm Meadows, but after unsuccessful campaigns and setbacks in 1789 and 1790, Cornwallis took over field command in 1791. A moderately successful campaign in 1791 ended due to supply problems, but in 1792 his resupplied and reorganized army defeated the Myoreans.
Upon his return to England in 1794 the government gave him the job of Major General of Ordinance and in 1795 the government appointed him commander-in-chief in Ireland. During his time in Ireland he dealt successfully with the 1789 Irish Rebellion and the French invasion of Ireland. He also was instrumental in bringing about the Union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1800.
He returned to London in 1801 but did not have the opportunity to relax and enjoy some well-deserved rest. The government sent him to France to negotiate an end to the War of the Second Coalition with France. He signed the Treaty of Amiens with Napoleon in 1802. Many in England thought Cornwallis had given away too much and after both England and Napoleon reneged on certain parts of the treaty, war resumed in 1803. In 1805 the government reappointed him to India, but he died before he could take up the post.
So, what’s the verdict on their post-America careers?
- All, at various times, were appointed to various British commands, with Howe’s being the least significant or important.
- Clinton received the most criticism for failure in America.
- Burgoyne’s had a successful post-American career as a dramatist
- Cornwallis rebounded best from the failure in America. His career after the war in America makes his time in America seem like an aberration of an otherwise successful diplomatic and military career. Indeed, his successful career after the war no doubt influenced the blame game of Clinton vs Cornwallis and that debate continues to this day.
From the President - The new face book page for the Tampa Sons of the American Revolution is Tampa Sar. The password to add anything is American1776.
Please feel free to upload pictures or comments. Invite all your friends to look.
Color Guard Activities & Opportunities
Tampa Chapter Compatriot Dick Young attended the March 9 Commemoration of the Last Naval Battle of the Revolutionary War on Merritt Island in March 1783. Captain John Barry was able to elude three British ships and save the cargo of 72,000 silver Spanish dollars being given to the Continental Congress. There were more than 30 SAR Compatriots in uniform for this event and well over 100 people in attendance.
· March 30 – Commemoration of the Battle of Thomas Creek in Jacksonville
· May 7 - Honor Flight Welcome Home Mission #37
· May 27 - Memorial Day
· June 11- Honor Flight Welcome Home Mission #38
· July 4 - Independence Day
Our mailbox needs to be filled again. Please help us fill it up with thank you cards, letters and notes for the Veterans. Mail call is an important part of each Honor Flight Mission. It’s so easy to let our heroes know you appreciate them and all they have done for our country. Show your love and gratitude by helping us fill up our mail call supply. Deadline is 2 weeks prior to each flight. We will be flying 75-80 Veterans per flight, so that’s lots and lots of mail.
Please send to:
Honor Flight of West Central Florida
P.O. Box 55661
St. Petersburg, FL 33732
April 20 - Youth Program Participants Recognition
May 18 - TBD
Other Dates of Interest
May 10-11 - Florida SAR BOM & Annual Meeting, Kissimmee FL
May 27 - Memorial Day
June 14 - Flag Day
July 4 - Independence Day
July 5 - 10 - National SAR Annual Congress, Costa Mesa CA
Chapter Website—remember you can find information about the chapter and programs on the chapter website. http://www.tampasar.org/
One of the duties of the Chapter Chaplain is to send cards to our members that are sick. Another is to send a sympathy card to the family of a member who has passed away. If you know of anyone that should be the recipient of these cards please mention it to Chaplain Sessums or one of the other officers at our next meeting.
Chapter officers and committee chairman are encouraged to send any pertinent information they wish included in the newsletter to the editor.